In 1925. the General Assembly established a Childrens' Law Commission to "edit and codify the laws of Rhode Island which...affect child life;..." The law commission was directed to study the conditions of child welfare in the state, to study the laws of other states, consult local authorities on child welfare, and, finally, to draft laws for presentation to the General Assembly by the following year.
In April 1926, the General Assembly promulgated a law (PL 1926, Ch. 862) establishing a Children's Bureau under the State Public Welfare Commission. Its main puprose was to "promote the enforcement of state laws for the protection of defective, dependent, neglected wayward, and delinquent children and children born out of wedlock. Beyond these legal reponsibilities, the bureau was also charged with several other duites, including cooperating with various public and private organizations to identify sources of financial support and placement of these children.